The University of Chicago News Office
Dec. 16, 2005 Press Contact: William Harms
(773) 702-8356
w-harms@uchicago.edu
 

Artifacts from Hamoukar

A huge battle destroyed one of the world’s earliest cities at around 3500 B.C. and left behind, preserved in their places, artifacts from daily life in an urban settlement in upper Mesopotamia, according to a joint announcement from the University of Chicago and the Department of Antiquities in Syria.

“The whole area of our most recent excavation was a war zone,” said Clemens Reichel, Research Associate at the Oriental Institute of the University of Chicago. Reichel, the American co-director of the Syrian-American Archaeological Expedition to Hamoukar, lead a team that spent October and November at the site. Salam al-Quntar of the Syrian Department of Antiquities and Cambridge University was Syrian co-director. Hamoukar is an ancient site in extreme northeastern Syria near the Iraqi border. READ MORE


Click the images below to obtain a high-resolution/print photograph for download.

  Area B
Aerial photograph of fourth millennium B.C. (Late Chalcolithic) architecture; note tripartite buildings excavated in 2001 (left corner) and 2005 (right middle); date: ca. 3,500 B.C.

 

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  Ball bullet
Comparative picture of sling bullet intact (a), sling bullet distorted upon impact (b), and clay ball (c) showing damage following impact on left side

 

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  Co-Directors
Co-directors Clemens Reichel and Salam al-Quntar examining evidence in excavation area

 

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  Duck
Three views of a stamp seal, bone, in shape of a duck; bottom has geometric seal design; date: ca. 3,500 B.C.

 

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  Kitchen
Clay installation encasing two grindstones in kitchen tract; date: ca. 3,500 B.C.

 

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  Lion sealing
Clay sealing with drawing of a lion; reverse shows impression of string and leather, probably covering a jar neck; date: ca. 3,500 B.C.

 

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  Lion and goat sealing
Clay sealing with impression a stamp seal showing a lion standing up on its hind legs, grabbing a goat by its beard; date: ca. 3,500 B.C.

 

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  Niches
Two niches in tripartite building excavated in 2005; date: ca. 3,500 B.C.

 

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  Sling bullets (1)
Clay balls and stones found in a pile during excavation

 

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  Sling bullets (2)
Selection of clay balls used as missiles

 

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  Stamp seal
Rectangular seal, black stone with design showing two bear’s feet; date: ca. 3,500 B.C.

 

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http://www-news.uchicago.edu/releases/05/051216.hamoukar-photos.shtml
Last modified at 10:57 AM CST on Wednesday, February 22, 2006.

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